Systemic design integrates systems thinking with design
Systemic design describes the integration between systems thinking and design theory and practice. Building upon their very different traditions, this transdisciplinary combination enables people to take more effective action toward improving the wicked, complex sustainability challenges our societies are facing. If we want to solve a complex (sustainability) problem, we need to look at a system from an integrative, whole life cycle perspective, at several nested scales.
A system can be a product, a building, a community, a larger governance system, or even the entire global environment. Looking at the whole system instead of focusing on a single link, we understand that everything is connected.
My initial academic training in forest sciences and wood engineering empowered me to abstract nature’s design principles to mimic its genius design solutions. Forest ecosystems are hugely complex and their understanding and sustainable management requires a systemic approach.
As a Systemic Designer, I merge sustainability science, design(erly) thinking and entrepreneurship for contributing to the eco-social transformation through regenerative solutions.
I combine skills of systems thinking, transdisciplinary research, regenerative design and hands-on engineering and building to systemically address complex design challenges with methods that go beyond current design and engineering approaches (e.g. Jones 2014).
While I have been teaching and publishing on theoretical constraints of systemic design (ETH Zurich), my work involves designing products, services and communication in the fields of outdoor and lifestyle (sporting) goods (Grown outdoor creativity lab), resilient governance systems in (mountain) communities (ArcAlpNet), responsible tourism (Sustainable Mountain Tourism Alliance), wood/forestry/supply chains and the design of circular economies, and architecture (Swall Institute, MonViso Institute).
One current architectural, systemic design project is the transformation of an abandoned group of stone houses in the Italian Piedmont mountains to a hub for research, education and entrepreneurship in sustainability transformations and social-ecological design – the MonViso Institute (MVI). The MVI serves as a field experiment for whole systems design of buildings and their integration into their natural and socio-cultural surroundings, as a non-profit center for research, education and entrepreneurship in sustainability innovations, as a mountain observatory, and as a meeting hub for living a new “Alpine Urbanism”.
Some background on systemic/whole systems design
Todays „wicked“ sustainability problems require new foci and new tools for designing the eco-social transformation towards a more sustainable society (e.g. Brown and Wyatt 2010). Design thinking is becoming increasingly important for solving sustainability problems (e.g. Fischer 2015).
The complexity of interrelated social and ecological systems and changes demands design solutions from a whole systems design perspective, which is at the core of my interests and skills in sustainability science and engineering design. Everything is connected, and any decision or any design has consequences. Designing the transformation towards a sustainable society is becoming increasingly challenging, while systemic design or “whole systems design”, as discussed in Blozzard and Klotz (2012), is a rather young, interdisciplinary field (Figure 1).
My experience in engineering design research through my work with my eco innovation and sustainable design lab Grown feeds my interest in design research. I have signed responsible for product and process design, and communication design, combining engineering design research, design of products, business design, and communication design. I led and published the first environmental and social life cycle analysis (LCA) of skis in the leading Journal of Industrial Ecology, on sustainable technical product design (Luthe et al. 2013). We use this LCA for the social-ecological design of skis and propose a systems approach including virtual development techniques for sustainable technical product design.
Putting a sustainability vision first. Applying a systemic design process fueled by creative open innovation and participatory brainstorming methods, using backcasting and abductive logic and a cross-validation of solutions – this is one approach to sustainable resource management.
In my current research I extend such whole system design work and transfer it to other industry sectors. This research looks more at design thinking – for the design of products, services, and communication – and designerly thinking as an academic discourse (Brown and Wyatt 2010), in its relevance for sustainable resource management. One specific aspect of transition research and resilience assessment in a resource management context is the development of circular economy systems and regenerative design.
Further info on systemic design by the Systemic Design Research Network
Blizzard, J. L. and L. E. Klotz. 2012. A framework for sustainable whole systems design. Design Studies 33(5).
Brown, T. and J. Wyatt. 2010. Design thinking for social innovation. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Stanford University.
Fischer, M. 2015. Design it! Solving Sustainability problems by applying design thinking. GAIA 24/3:174-178.
Jones, P. 2014. Design research methods for systemic design: Perspectives from design education and practice. Proceedings of ISSS 2014, July 28 – Aug1, 2014, Washington, D.C.
Luthe, T., Lumpe, T., Schwarz, J., Schuetz, M. and K. Shea. 2017. Teaching Systemic Design For Sustainability In Engineering By Building Eco-Skis. ETH Zurich. Proceedings of the 21st Conference on Engineering Design ICED17. UBC, Vancouver.
Luthe, T., Kaegi, T. and J. Reger. 2013. A Systems Approach to Sustainable Technical Product Design. Combining life cycle assessment and virtual development in the case of skis. Journal of Industrial Ecology 17(4), 605-617. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12000